Atrophy in Spain

What is atrophy?

Atrophy is a decrease or absence of development of a body structure or part. In the dental sector, it is the loss of bone due to the absence of teeth, which makes it impossible to wear dental implants abroad and fixed prostheses. Bone atrophy can be localized in a specific area or be generalized in both the maxilla and the mandible.

Temporomandibular Joint: What is ATM in the mouth?

The temporomandibular joint is the one that allows us to perform all the chewing movements: lateral, up and down, protrusion, and retrusion.

ATM disorders are problems that affect the joints and chewing muscles that connect the lower jaw to the skull.

How to relieve ATM pain?

  1. You can perform massages both inside and outside the mouth.
  2. Palpation – You can apply pressure with your fingers to certain points of the jaw and fase.
  3. Cold spray and muscle stretching – It is done to relax the muscles.
  4. Anesthetic – Can ease pain.

Types of alterations

  • Myofascial pain: May appear in patients with a normal temporomandibular joint.
  • Internal asymmetry
  • Degenerative and inflammatory disorders

What are the causes of these disorders?

Pain can appear from a combination of factors:

  • Congenital and developmental disorders: lead to aplasias, hypoplasia, and hyperplasia.
  • Malocclusions. Muscle problems, headaches, and jaw dysfunctions over time.
  • Disorder of the condyle-disc complex
  • Metabolic diseases
  • Infections
  • Condylar subluxation
  • Neurological pathologies
  • Muscle disorders
  • Tooth loss
  • Trauma
  • Neoplasms
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Disc-condylar and disc-fossa adhesions
  • Ankylosis
  • Physical overload
  • Stress or depression
  • Inflammatory disorders

What are the symptoms?

  • Pain in the face, jaw, or neck
  • Pain around, in front or in the ear
  • Pain on both sides of the head
  • Pain on one side of the head that can be triggered when you clench your teeth
  • Pain in the muscles and/or joint of the jaw
  • Limited movement or locking of the jaw
  • Difficulty or discomfort to chew
  • A change in the way the teeth fit together
  • Muscle spasms around the jaw
  • Difficulty or discomfort to chew
  • A change in the way the teeth fit together
  • Muscle spasms around the jaw

Specialized ATM treatments

Each patient will be affected by ATM in a different way. In this case, the specialist will assess what the needs of each patient are to diagnose the treatment that best suits them. Jaw pain can go away with little or even no treatment. In the case of needing some treatment, you can go through the application of simple practices such as applying ice or eating soft foods. On the other hand, it may also require the use of pain relievers or devices to be placed in the mouth.

The specialist will always assess the situation of each patient in order to accurately recommend the application of treatments that will be required:

-Conservative treatments:

  • Stabilization splints: They reduce activity by modifying sensory stimulation, thereby reducing muscle pain caused by constant pressure on the jaw.
  • Physiotherapy: Favors the quality of life of patients.

-Surgical treatments:

  • Arthrocentesis: Through two intra-articular needles, a so-called joint lavage is performed where all microscopic particles are removed and then a solution is injected that helps lubricate the joint.
  • Arthroscopy: With an intra-articular camera (arthroscope), the joint can be examined, inflammatory tissue removed, and structures manipulated.
  • Joint replacement: In the event of functional disability, substitution by an artificial prosthesis is suggested.
  • Open Surgery: In the event that a tumor occurs in the joint, open surgery will be necessary so that the specialist can remove the damaged tissue.

Put your trust in our specialized team at Asensio Advanced Dentistry, your trusted dentristry in Spain, and feel free to call us at 0800 086 9049