There are two common diseases of the oral cavity or gums after tooth decay. These are gingivitis and periodontal disease, also known as periodontitis or pyorrhea.

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Gingivitis and periodontitis are inflammatory processes of the gums with a common etiology, mainly of bacterial origin derived from dental plaque. Gingivitis is the initial state that gives rise to periodontal disease and affects the state of the gum without involving the supporting tissues of the tooth itself. This process is reversible and the gingiva regains its natural appearance after taking the correct hygiene measures and carrying out the appropriate treatment.


However, in periodontitis, there are added factors that influence its appearance and development, such as genetic, environmental, and local among others.

Periodontitis is considered the most serious periodontal disease and it directly affects the holding apparatus of the tooth, attacking the supporting bone that surrounds it, which means that it even leads to tooth loss in the most advanced stages of the disease.

Unlike gingivitis, the destruction produced in the tissues is irreversible, thus favoring a greater accumulation of bacteria and the progression of the disease.

Among the most prominent symptoms, we can identify bleeding, bad breath, the appearance of receding gums, and the appearance of small holes in the teeth; however, the pain is not frequent. Periodontitis also compromises speech, reduces the quality of life, and is a growing burden on the economy

The formation process of periodontitis is slow, is not painful, and occurs mainly between teeth.

The best way to avoid the effects of gingivitis and its subsequent development in dental disease is to put yourself in the hands of our specialized team at Asensio Advanced Dentistry.

Put your trust in our specialized team at Asensio Advanced Dentistry, your trusted dental clinic in Valencia for dental holidays, and feel free to call us at 963 82 55 77 or 685 54 29 95 for any queries or concerns.

Finally, let us assure you that in our dental clinic, we follow all the prevention and safety measures against COVID-19. We will be happy to solve all your questions and help you as much as possible. You can count on your trusted dental clinic in Valencia to show off your best smile without any worry.

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What is periodontics, periodontal disease and its treatment?

Periodontics in the dental field treats diseases related to the periodontium, that is, those pathologies that affect the gums, alveolar bone, periodontal ligament and periodontal cement.
Among the main periodontal diseases are gingivitis and periodontitis.

• Gingivitis: This is inflammation and bleeding of the gums. It may not cause discomfort at first, but as it progresses, it causes redness and swelling of the gums and leads to tooth sensitivity, as well as occasional or chronic bleeding when brushing.
• Periodontitis: this is the destruction of the bone that supports the teeth. It is the pathology derived from gingivitis by not having treated it in time.

These types of diseases are caused by the formation of bacterial plaque that attack the gums and the bone that supports the teeth (in the case of periodontitis). Factors such as tobacco or stress help to further develop these diseases.
The symptoms that can give us clues that we suffer from periodontal disease are:

• Bad smell in the mouth: it is mainly due to the waste from the metabolism of tartar and bacterial plaque.
• Displacement of the teeth: it is produced by the weakening of the supporting tissue of the gum.
• Longer teeth: produced by the reduction of the gum.
• Mobility of the teeth: this can lead to the loss of the tooth.
• Swelling and bleeding in the gum area.

Treatment for periodontal disease will depend on the stage you are in. The dentist will be in charge of evaluating and drawing up the treatment plan for our mouth. If the disease is in an early stage, the first step will be to perform a deep tooth cleaning or curettage. This cleaning consists of scraping the tooth roots with instruments called curettes. With this procedure, the tartar accumulated on the surfaces near the gums is removed and the teeth are free of impurities. The treatment will be complemented with the indications and medical prescription of the dentist.
In the event that the pathology is in a more advanced stage, surgery will be carried out to perform a much deeper cleaning and evaluate the state of the bone that supports the tooth.

Finally, we report that in our dental clinic we follow the prevention and safety measures against COVID-19. We will be happy to solve all your questions and help you in any way possible in your safe dental clinic in Valencia, so that you can show your best smile without any concern and you can count on your trusted dental clinic in Valencia. Come visit us!