Gum inflammation

Everything You Need to Know About Gum Inflammation: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Gum inflammation, also known as gingivitis, is a common dental condition affecting many people worldwide. This condition can be painful and bothersome, and if not treated properly, can lead to severe oral health complications. In this article, we’ll provide you with detailed information about gum inflammation, including its causes, symptoms, and treatments.

Causes of Gum Inflammation:

Gum inflammation can be caused by various factors, such as:

Poor oral hygiene: The buildup of plaque and tartar on teeth and gums can irritate and inflame the gums.
Hormonal changes: Hormonal fluctuations during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause can increase the risk of inflammation.
Systemic diseases: Some diseases like diabetes and HIV can increase the risk of developing this condition.
Medications: Some medications like antidepressants and blood pressure drugs can cause inflammation as a side effect.

Symptoms of Gum Inflammation:

Symptoms can include:

  • Red and sensitive gums.
  • Bleeding gums during brushing or flossing.
  • Persistent bad breath.
  • Swollen gums.
  • Pain when chewing.Gum inflammation2


The treatment will depend on the underlying cause and the severity of the condition. Some common treatments include:

  • Improved oral hygiene: Brushing your teeth twice a day and flossing daily can help reduce inflammation.
  • Dental prophylaxis: A professional cleaning procedure performed by a dentist can remove plaque and tartar from teeth and gums.
  • Antibiotics: In severe cases, antibiotics may be prescribed to treat gingivitis.
  • Periodontal treatment: In severe cases, periodontal treatment may be needed to address this issue. This treatment can include scaling and root planing, gum surgery, and other procedures.

Frequently Asked Questions:

Can gum inflammation lead to severe diseases?
Yes, if not treated properly, gum inflammation can lead to severe diseases like periodontitis and tooth loss.

How can I prevent it?
You can prevent gingivitis by maintaining good oral hygiene, which includes brushing your teeth twice a day, flossing daily, and visiting your dentist regularly for checkups and professional cleanings.

Is gum inflammation contagious?
No, gum inflammation is not contagious. However, some diseases that may increase the risk of inflammation can be contagious.


Gingivitis is a common dental condition that can be painful and bothersome. If not treated properly, it can lead to severe oral health complications. It’s essential to prevent it through good oral hygiene and regular dentist visits. If you experience those symptoms, such as red and bleeding gums, don’t hesitate to consult a dentist for treatment and prevent severe complications.

At Dental Asensio, we have specialists in this area who will help you throughout the process. Don’t hesitate to contact us.

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